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CUL3093: Coffee, Tea and Non-Alcoholic Beverage Specialist (Buckley): Brewing Methods

Siphon

  • Marie Fanny Amelne Massot of Lyons, France invented the siphon coffee maker (made of two “glass balloons” held together by a frame).
  • Primarily used in coffee shops rather than at home.
  • More theatrical and time-consuming than other methods.

https://www.thekitchn.com/what-is-siphon-coffee-and-how-is-it-made-216340

French Press

  • The first design was patented by Frenchmen Mayer and Delforge in 1852 (This design did create a seal to keep the coffee grounds out of the brewed coffee).
  • The second patent filed more closely resembles the French Press most people are familiar with (creates a seal within the carafe) and was invented by Italians Attilio Calimani and Giulio Moneta in 1929. 
  • The third and most popular design patented was created by Swiss man Faliero Bondanini in 1958. It was manufactured by a French company under the name of ‘Chambord’. The popularity of this item in France and, eventually, around the world, is why this coffee maker was referred to as a French Press.

https://www.perfectdailygrind.com/2015/05/french-press-the-history-brewing-guide/

Chemex

  • Invented by German chemist Peter J. Schlumbohm in 1941.
  • Schlumbohm created a thick filter in order to keep out oils, grounds and other bitter elements out of the cup of coffee.
  • The Chemex is part of many permanent collections in museums such as the Smithsonian and the Museum of Modern Art in New York,

https://www.perfectdailygrind.com/2015/05/chemex-the-history-brewing-guide/

Aero-Press

  • Alan Adler created the AeroPress in 2005. 
  • Similar to espresso machine technology--only electricity and levers are replaced by human pressure. 
  • The brew time is significantly shorter than pour over techniques.

https://www.perfectdailygrind.com/2019/03/the-history-of-the-aeropress-from-concept-to-championships/

Pour Overs

  • V60 -- Created by Japanese manufacturer, Hario (Made from a special type of glass).
  • Kalita Wave -- Created by Japanese manufacturer, Kalita (Has 3 holes for coffee to filter through).
  • Costa Rican Brewing Method (Chorreador)

https://www.perfectdailygrind.com/2015/08/kalita-wave-the-story-brewing-guide/

https://www.perfectdailygrind.com/2015/07/hario-v60-the-history-brewing-guide/

Auto Drip

  • The auto drip coffee maker was invented by Melitta Bentz in 1908.
  • She used blotting paper as a coffee filter.

https://coffee.org/pages/history-of-the-coffee-maker