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CUL3093: Coffee, Tea and Non-Alcoholic Beverage Specialist (Buckley): Coffee


  • Arabica has more acidity than Robusta.
  • Robusta has a more bitter taste than Arabica.
  • Liberica has a woody, smoky flavor.
  • Excelsa tastes more tart and fruity.

Central America

  • Costa Rica banned the growing of Robusta beans.
  • El Salvador coffee exports have fallen by more than half in the past 10 years (due to coffee leaf rust and climate change).
  • Guatemala is the 9th largest exporter of coffee beans in the world. 
  • Honduras is Central America's largest coffee grower.
  • Nicaragua is the 12th largest exporter of coffee beans in the world.
  • Panama produces less coffee than many of its neighbors, but is known to have a high quality bean that sells at a higher price.

South America

  • Bolivia -- around 95% of Bolivia's coffee is grown in the Yungas region.
  • Brazil is the largest grower of coffee beans in the world.
  • Colombia is the 3rd largest exporter of coffee beans in the world.
  • Ecuador is known to have a great tasting coffee but it does not yield much coffee, on the whole.
  • Peru's coffee beans are used in dark roast blends and as a base for flavored coffees.
  • Venezuela produces less than 1% of the world's coffee.


  • Brazil (1), Vietnam (2) and Indonesia (3) are the largest coffee exporting nations in the world.
  • Coffee grows in 80 countries in South and Central America, the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia.

cuban coffee


  • Dominican Republic does not pre-ground their coffee. They prefer to grind it before each use so that it doesn't get stale.
  • Haiti's coffee tends to be organic because farmers cannot afford to purchase pesticides for their crops.
  • Jamaica -- Coffee grown in Jamaica's Blue Mountain Region is some of the world's most expensive.


  • China's coffee consumption has almost doubled over the past 4 years.
  • India is the 5th largest producer of coffee in the world.
  • Indonesia is the world's 4th largest coffee growing nation in the world.
  • Laos -- Coffee is Laos's most valuable agricultural export.
  • Philippines has the 8th largest coffee revenue worldwide.
  • Thailand is known for producing Robusta coffee beans.
  • Vietnam is famous for using sweetened condensed milk in its coffee. It is also the 2nd largest coffee producer in the world.
  • Yemen -- 90% of the world's coffee can be traced to Yemen. The words mocha and Arabica get their roots from Yemen words.


  • Espresso beans are ground much finer than would be used for pour over methods.
  • Unlike pour over methods, espresso is produced using high pressure.
  • These methods make for a smaller, more intense cup of coffee.


Coffee Producing Countries in Africa:

  • Angola
  • Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Ivory Coast
  • Kenya
  • Liberia
  • Madagascar
  • Nigeria
  • Rwanda
  • Sierra Leone
  • Tanzania
  • Togo
  • Uganda
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

>African coffees are known for being fruity, sweet and floral.