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CUL3093: Coffee, Tea and Non-Alcoholic Beverage Specialist (Buckley): Coffee

Taste

  • Arabica has more acidity than Robusta.
  • Robusta has a more bitter taste than Arabica.
  • Liberica has a woody, smoky flavor.
  • Excelsa tastes more tart and fruity. 

https://coffee-channel.com/different-types-coffee-beans/

Central America

  • Costa Rica banned the growing of Robusta beans.
  • El Salvador coffee exports have fallen by more than half in the past 10 years (due to coffee leaf rust and climate change).
  • Guatemala is the 9th largest exporter of coffee beans in the world. 
  • Honduras is Central America's largest coffee grower.
  • Nicaragua is the 12th largest exporter of coffee beans in the world.
  • Panama produces less coffee than many of its neighbors, but is known to have a high quality bean that sells at a higher price.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-latam-coffee-robusta/latin-americas-premium-coffee-growers-branch-out-to-cheaper-beans-idUSKBN1FR0JK

https://www.coffeehunter.com/coffee-country/nicaragua/

https://www.atlascoffee.com/coffee/panama/

https://www.coffeehunter.com/coffee-country/guatemala/

https://theweek.com/articles/838488/decline-el-salvadors-coffee

South America

  • Bolivia -- around 95% of Bolivia's coffee is grown in the Yungas region.
  • Brazil is the largest grower of coffee beans in the world.
  • Colombia is the 3rd largest exporter of coffee beans in the world.
  • Ecuador is known to have a great tasting coffee but it does not yield much coffee, on the whole.
  • Peru's coffee beans are used in dark roast blends and as a base for flavored coffees.
  • Venezuela produces less than 1% of the world's coffee.

https://www.coffeehunter.com/coffee-country/colombia/

https://www.atlascoffee.com/coffee/bolivia/

https://www.perfectdailygrind.com/2018/10/origin-spotlight-exploring-ecuadors-specialty-coffee/

https://www.coffeereview.com/coffee-reference/coffee-categories/geographic-origins/coffees-from-the-americas/venezuela/

https://www.coffeereview.com/coffee-reference/coffee-categories/geographic-origins/coffees-from-the-americas/peru/

Cultivation

  • Brazil (1), Vietnam (2) and Indonesia (3) are the largest coffee exporting nations in the world.
  • Coffee grows in 80 countries in South and Central America, the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia.

https://www.coffeeandhealth.org/all-about-coffee/coffee-production-today/

cuban coffee

Caribbean

  • Dominican Republic does not pre-ground their coffee. They prefer to grind it before each use so that it doesn't get stale.
  • Haiti's coffee tends to be organic because farmers cannot afford to purchase pesticides for their crops.
  • Jamaica -- Coffee grown in Jamaica's Blue Mountain Region is some of the world's most expensive.

https://www.coffeereview.com/coffee-reference/coffee-categories/geographic-origins/coffees-from-the-americas/jamaica/

https://medium.com/@tatewatkins/selling-haitian-coffee-to-american-hipsters-7ba356477375

https://www.coffeestrong.org/dominican-coffee/

Asia

  • China's coffee consumption has almost doubled over the past 4 years.
  • India is the 5th largest producer of coffee in the world.
  • Indonesia is the world's 4th largest coffee growing nation in the world.
  • Laos -- Coffee is Laos's most valuable agricultural export.
  • Philippines has the 8th largest coffee revenue worldwide.
  • Thailand is known for producing Robusta coffee beans.
  • Vietnam is famous for using sweetened condensed milk in its coffee. It is also the 2nd largest coffee producer in the world.
  • Yemen -- 90% of the world's coffee can be traced to Yemen. The words mocha and Arabica get their roots from Yemen words.

https://www.perfectdailygrind.com/2018/11/exploring-the-chinese-coffee-industry-from-roasters-to-consumers/

https://www.coffeereview.com/coffee-reference/coffee-categories/geographic-origins/coffees-from-india-and-the-pacific/india/

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-coffee/indonesias-growing-thirst-for-coffee-drains-premium-bean-supplies-idUSKBN1JI02R

https://www.perfectdailygrind.com/2017/11/specialty-coffee-shops-succeeding-laos/

https://www.huffpost.com/entry/vietnamese-coffee_n_6275576

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-06-27/the-best-coffee-in-the-world-now-comes-from-yemen

https://www-statista-com.jwupvdz.idm.oclc.org/forecasts/758662/revenue-of-the-coffee-market-worldwide-by-country

Espresso

  • Espresso beans are ground much finer than would be used for pour over methods.
  • Unlike pour over methods, espresso is produced using high pressure.
  • These methods make for a smaller, more intense cup of coffee.

https://www.thekitchn.com/brewed-coffee-vs-espresso-what-are-the-differences-224453

Africa

Coffee Producing Countries in Africa:

  • Angola
  • Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Ivory Coast
  • Kenya
  • Liberia
  • Madagascar
  • Nigeria
  • Rwanda
  • Sierra Leone
  • Tanzania
  • Togo
  • Uganda
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

>African coffees are known for being fruity, sweet and floral.

https://www.thrillist.com/drink/nation/the-world-s-best-coffee-growing-countries-ethiopia-kenya-colombia-and-more

https://www.thekitchn.com/7-things-youll-taste-in-a-coffee-from-africa-smart-coffee-regular-joes-210699