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CUL3093: Coffee, Tea and Non-Alcoholic Beverage Specialist (Buckley): Water


  • Mineral-- Pulled from a mineral spring, mineral water is, as the name states, full of minerals including sulfur, magnesium, and calcium — all things that are good for you.
  • Spring-- Spring or glacier waters are types of bottled waters that are claimed to be bottled at the source from where the water flows — either from the spring or glacier.
  • Tap-- A piped water supply, tap water is found everywhere from the water that flushes a public toilet to the water that comes out of your kitchen sink or cleans your glassware in your dishwasher.
  • Sparkling-- Sometimes referred to as carbonated water or soda water, sparkling water is infused with carbon dioxide gas while under pressure.
  • Distilled-- This type of water is boiled and the steam is collected and condensed back into a liquid.
  • Purified-- Purified water is usually tap or groundwater which has been treated to remove harmful substances like bacteria, fungi, and parasites.
  • Flavored/Infused-- Flavored water is water that’s sweetened with either sugar or artificial sweeteners, and contains natural or artificial flavorings.
  • Alkaline-- Alkaline water has a higher pH level than normal tap water and contains alkaline minerals and negative oxidation reduction potential (ORP). 
  • Well-- Well water comes straight from the ground, though it’s untreated and carries with it a number of risks.

Producing Regions

Aquafina-- Has water sources throughout United States.

Dasani-- Has water sources throughout United States.

Evian-- Produced in France. 

Fiji-- Produced in Fiji Islands.

Nestle-- Has water sources throughout United States.

Perrier-- Produced in France.

Poland Springs-- Produced in Maine. 

San Pelligrino-- Produced in Italy. 

Zephyrhills-- Produced in Florida.

United States Bottled Water Production

Ecological Issues

  • Every 27 hours Americans consume enough bottled water to circle the entire equator with plastic bottles stacked end to end.1

  • In just a single week, those bottles would stretch more than halfway to the moon — 155,400 miles.1
  • Between 2004 and 2009, US consumption of bottled water increased by 24 percent. Bottled water sales have more than quadrupled in the last 20 years (BMC 2010).

  • The federal government does not mandate that bottled water be any safer than tap water – the chemical pollution standards are nearly identical (EWG 2008). In fact, bottled water is less regulated than tap water.

  • Close to half of all bottled water is sourced from municipal tap water (BMC 2010, Food and Water Watch 2010).

  • It takes an estimated 2,000 times more energy to produce bottled water than to produce an equivalent amount of tap water (Gleick 2009).

  • Bottled water production and transportation for the U.S. market consumes more than 30 million barrels of oil each year and produces as much carbon dioxide as 2 million cars (Gleick 2009).

  • Plastic water bottles are the fastest growing form of municipal solid waste in the United States. Each year more than 4 billion pounds of PET plastic bottles end up in landfills or as roadside litter (Corporate Accountability International 2010).

  • While plastic bottles can be recycled, the majority are not. Moreover, plastic never actually degrades; it just breaks down into smaller and smaller pieces. In some parts of the ocean, plastic outweighs plankton by a six-to-one ratio (Moore 2001).

  • Bottled water has indirect economic costs. Disposing of plastic water bottle waste, for example, costs cities nationwide an estimated $70 million in landfill tipping fees each year (Corporate Accountability International 2010).