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The Research Process: Interviews, Digital Files, Lectures, Media

A tutorial on doing research that gets the results you want.

Interviews, Digital Files, Lectures, Tweets, etc.


Child, Julia. "Julia Child Interview Part 1 of 6." Archive of American Television. Academy of Television

       Arts & Sciences Foundation, 25 June 1999. YouTube,


Wiesel, Elie. Interview by Ted Koppel. Nightline, ABC, 18 Apr. 2002.


Frank, Erika. Personal interview. 12 Aug. 2009.



Digital files are files such as MP3's, PDF's, and Digital Photographs



Collins, Jim. "Level 5 Leadership: The Triumph of Humility and Fierce Resolve." Harvard Business Review, 2005.



Dave Matthews Band. "Everyday." Everyday, BMG Entertainment, 2001.


Digital Photograph

Lange, Dorothea. "Destitute Pea Pickers in California. Mother of Seven Children. Age thirty-two."

     Nipomo, California, 1936." The Library of Congress' Photostream, 2009.


‚ÄčBourdain, Anthony. "An Evening with Travel Channel’s Culinary Adventurer and Best-Selling Author Anthony

      Bourdain." Adrienne Arsht Center’s Celebrity Chef Series, 14 Nov. 2008, Adrienne Arsht Center

      for the Performing Arts of Miami-Dade County.


Pausch, Randy. "Randy Pausch Last Lecture: Achieving Your Childhood Dreams." Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh.

     20 Dec. 2007. Lecture.

Film, DVD, or VHS:

Understanding Sociology: Theory & Method. Produced by Sue Howes, Vine Video/Insight Media, 1990.

YouTube (or any online video):

"What's Hot in 2016 Culinary Forecast." YouTube, uploaded by National Restaurant Association, 5 Nov. 



@mlastyle "Avoiding plagiarism: it's easy with the MLA's free online guidelines" Twitter, 19 July 2016, 6:11 a.m.,

Formating Rules for Dates & Page Numbering

New Abbreviations: Many web source entries now require a publisher name, a date of publication, and/or page numbers.

  • When no publisher name appears on the website, use: n.p. for no publisher given.
  • When websites omit a date of publication, use: n.d. for no date.
  • For online journals that appear only online (no print version) or for databases that do not provide page numbers, use: n. pag. for no pagination