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CJS4030 Criminal Justice Research Methods (Sabot): Defining Terms

Hypothesis

A HYPOTHESIS is a specific expectation of empirical reality derived from propositions.
 
 
Definition from Professor Sabot's PowerPoint

Theory

A THEORY is a systematic explanation for the observed facts and laws that relate to certain aspects of life or crime – this can also be termed a “MODEL”
 
 
Definition from Professor Sabot's PowerPoint

Data

QUALITATIVE-- typically refers to feelings and emotions, i.e. do you prefer one car over another?

QUANTITATIVE-- typically in numerical form, i.e. height, weight, etc.

 

Definition from Professor Sabot's PowerPoint

Variable

A VARIABLE is an observable and measurable element (or attribute) of an event.

 

Definition from Professor Sabot's PowerPoint

Unit of Analysis

The UNIT OF ANALYSIS is the major entity being analyzed in a study.

 

Definition from Professor Sabot's PowerPoint